Discussion Response:Dyslexia



I need a response to the three different discussion postings. The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 



The 1st response is to the questions asked by the instructor.



The second and 3rd discussion: Read the literature and post a response to the literature.


The 1st response is to my previously submitted assignment below. Instructor inquired:


From the instructor:


You mentioned that dyslexia is inherited from one’s parents.  Is this true for all types of dyslexia?  What types are there and can there be other “causes”?



My assignment I submitted

Victims  of dyslexia are not brain damaged. It is neither a disease nor a brain injury, even if its neurological disorder. Dyslexia is inherited from one’s parents as it is genetic and also is based on language learning disability. Most refer to it as a reading disability. In our case, children like Edward with dyslexia typically experience difficulties language skills such as writing, spelling, and pronunciation. This condition is different from those without the disability. In fact, the dyslexic brain has five times more brain activity when in a task, such as reading, than the non-dyslexic brain.

Moreover, this can be considered as a motor of a car that is not operating normally; the impression means that the person will be unable to behave well or function normally. This makes it easy to explain to her what it is like to have a brain injury, what dyslexia is and how the two are related. In fact, any function of a brain can be affected by trauma. Therefore, you should understand different neuropsychological tests may answer the severity and extent of bona fide of the brain damage. Brain injury or damage is the destruction of the cells of the brain (Igou, 2010). It does not mean that the patient has to experience either impairments or long term disability (Science Daily, 2010).

Dyslexia is a neurologically based disorder that interferes with the proper processing of language. Dyslexia can be considered as an impairment, and not as a traumatic impact of brain damage. However, there is no cure of dyslexia, but there are certain treatments to restore the standard functionality to a non-dyslexia individual. In consideration of the society, we are not much fearful about brain damage as we are on how to diagnose and treat it. This is because we pay attention to the condition. To me, I consider it as being more focused on improvement the quality of life of a person with any brain damage. We are justified in addressing any condition limiting a person. Lack of the desire to improve can never make strides to what we have to face this challenges.


Igou, S. (2010). Symptoms of brain injury. Retrieved from  http://www.braininjury.com/symptoms.html   Science Daily,  (2010). Brain damage. Retrieved from  http://www.sciencedaily.com/articles/b/brain_damage.html

 Cephalon, Initials. (2009). Central nervous system disorders. Retrieved from  www.cephalon.com/…/central-nervous-system-disorders.shtml

Argosy University (2010) Physiological Psychology  http://myeclassonline.com/re/DotNextLaunch.asp?courseid

 Bright Solutions for Dyslexia. (1998). What is Dyslexia? Retrieved from  http://www.dys-add.com/define.html




2nd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 



When the word dyslexia comes to mind, the first thing I think of is backwards. Numbers being read backwards as well as letters in words becoming mixed up while one is trying to read them. Dyslexia is when one has difficulty with reading and spelling, a complex neurobiology process that involves a number of different components (Alexander, 2004). There are two types: developmental and acquired. Acquired is considered to be rare and is caused by brain damage. Developmental is the most common and widespread, and affects boys two to three times more than girls. Research have found that developmental results from a disturbance of phonological processing. Phonological processing is the representation and comprehension of speech sounds (Pinel, 2013). For a long time, it assumed that developmental dyslexia could not possibly be a brain disorder because it is influenced by culture (Pinel, 2013). No single kind of brain pathology has been found to occur in all cases of developmental dyslexia (Pinel, 2013).

            Treatments for dyslexia include phonological deficits with phoneme analysis and phoneme blending as core aspects, which participants explicitly learned how to relate articulatory gestures to sound and spelling-sound patterns; second, a condition in which participants learned explicitly to manipulate sounds in syllables with speech and print, and finally, a condition combining the two (Tijms, 2003). Treatments need to be intensive with either one-on-one or small groups. Most involve remediation which focuses on phonemic awareness, phonics, sight word acquisition, vocabulary, and comprehension of text (Alexander, 2004). There is not a cure for dyslexia.

            The differences between impairment and brain damage is that the central nervous system does not function properly and leads to some form of physical or mental problem (Carter, 2016) such as disorders related to difficulties in learning and behavior (Liden, n.d.). Brain damage is defined as an injury or harm, congenital or acquired, to the tissues of the brain resulting from inadequate oxygen supply, trauma, or other cause.


Alexander, A. W., & Slinger-Constant, A. (2004). Current Status of Treatments for Dyslexia:       
                Critical Review. Journal of Child Neurology, 19(10), 744-758.

Carter, S. L., Ph.D. (2016). Impairment, Disability and Handicap. Retrieved April 02, 2016, from                    http://www.pediatrics.emory.edu/divisions/neonatology/dpc/Impairment MX.html

Liden, D., & Harris, B. (n.d.). What is Neurological Impairment? Retrieved April 02, 2016, from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-neurological-impairment.htm

Pinel, J. P.  (2013-10-01). Biopsychology, 9th Edition [VitalSource Bookshelf version].                            Retrieved from                https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/books/9781323123058

The definition of brain damage. (2016). Retrieved April 02, 2016, from            

Tijms, J., Hoeks, J. J., Paulussen-Hoogeboom, M. C., & Smolenaars, A. J. (2003). Long-term effects of a psycholinguistic treatment for dyslexia. Journal of     Research in Reading, 26(2), 121-140.


3rd discussion  The response should be one or two lines and you can ask a question. 




In this situation, I would explain that impairment is very different from brain damage. I would help the mother understand that there is no trauma to the brain and there is no damage. I would explain there are developmental difficulties, which are minor and there are methods to help with development. I would also explain that dyslexia involves mixing letters and numbers, as well as, not understanding left and right. Being overly fearful of the idea of brain damage is somewhat justified. I believe people need to be more educated on certain situations to help remove that fear.  



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