Question 1 Which is least likely to be considered an indication of problem behavior in youth?
A . A behavior is excessively intense .
B . A behavior is qualitatively atypical .
C . A behavior is unusual but of no harm to anyone .
D . A behavior is exhibited in inappropriate settings .
Question 2 Alicia’s mother is worried because although Alicia’s behavior seems much like that of her peers, Alicia misbehaves relative to the setting she is in . Alicia’s mother is concerned that her daughter is not meeting
A . gender norms .
B . situational norms .
C . regression norms .
D . developmental norms .
Question 3 Human development is best viewed as
A . always occurring in stages .
B . changes in individuals due to environmental influences .
C . change in persons over time due to the interactions of many variables .
D . quantitative rather than qualitative growth .
________________is another term for cause .
A . Effect
B . Theory
C . Paradigm
D . Etiology
Question 5 Risk factors
A . can be biological, psychological, or social .
B . are best conceptualized as being mostly biological .
C . are best conceptualized as characteristics of the individual .
D . are best viewed as independent factors that do not affect each other .
Question 6 Resilience is best defined as
A . a person’s characteristics that protect him or her from negative outcomes .
B . characteristics of the environment that protect a person from negative outcomes .
C . one or more factors that work with risk factors to produce a disorder .
D . one or more factors that protect a person in the presence of risk factors for a disorder .
______________ refers to the processes that facilitate or hinder reactivity .
A . Goodness of fit
B . Self-regulation
C . Inhibition
D . Emotion
Question 8 Norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine are all examples of
A . bodily humors .
B . synaptic clefts .
C . neurotransmitters .
D . growth hormones .
Question 9 A toxic substance that may cause damage to the developing fetus is known as a
A . placenta .
B . barrier .
C . teratogen .
D . diathesis .
Question 10 Operant conditioning emphasizes the __________ of behavior .
A . unconscious aspects
B . consequences
C . interpretation
D . symbolism
Question 11 A depressed child views herself as less capable than her peers, whereas others do not view her this way . This is an example of
A . cognitive deficiency .
B . cognitive distortion .
C . thought disorder .
D . protective cognition .
Question 12 The most common form of child maltreatment is
A . emotional maltreatment .
B . neglect .
C . physical abuse .
D . sexual abuse .
Question 13 Why is it valuable to randomly select persons from the population of interest to participate in a research study?
A . Participants will feel they have been treated fairly, which can positively affect the study .
B . It increases the chance that the participants will represent the population .
C . It ensures that the participants will be of the same age .
D . It ensures reliability of measurement .
Question 14 ______________ assumes that participants have the right to control the degree to which personal information can be disclosed .
A . Informed consent
B . Beneficence
C . Non maleficence
D . Confidentiality
Question 15 If an individual is given a global assessment of functioning score of 30, which of the following is likely true?
A . The individual is exhibiting superior functioning .
B . The individual has some impairment in almost all areas .
C . The individual has generally good functioning with difficulty in only a couple of areas .
D . The individual is uncooperative and functioning cannot be determined .
Question 16 The term comorbidity refers to
A . a child meeting the criteria for more than one disorder .
B . two children in a family having the same disorder .
C . a child and parent having the same disorder .
D . two disorders having some of the same cause .
Question 17 _______________ refers to groups of disorders that are thought to share certain psychological and biological qualities .
A . Dimension
B . Classification
C . Spectrum
D . Syndrome
Question 18 A ________________ describes behaviors that tend to occur together .
A . diagnosis
B . syndrome
C . dimension
D . spectrum
Question 19 Which of the following statements regarding diagnostic labels is part of the concern with the impact of such labeling?
A . Diagnostic labels have a social impact as well as a clinical and scientific purpose .
B . Diagnostic labels do not influence observer expectations regarding the child who is labeled .
C . Diagnostic labels do not help to provide adults with an explanation or understanding of the child’s behavior .
D . Diagnostic labels do not lead to generalizations about the characteristics of all children receiving a particular label .
Question 20 Which of the following is accurate regarding the diagnosis of social phobia in an adolescent?
A . The adolescent will not recognize that the fear is excessive or unreasonable .
B . The distinction between normal and abnormal social anxiety may be particularly difficult .
C . The disorder is likely overdiagnosed in adolescents diagnosed in this age group .
D . Young people with social anxiety are typically on anxious in one or two social situations (e . g . , meeting new people or performing in front a group) .
Heather is a 13-year-old who has been diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder . It is likely that Heather
A . exhibits anxiety concerning one particular kind of situation .
B . has excessive concerns with her competence and performance .
C . has symptoms that are likely to be transitory (short term) .
D . does not show other signs of significant impairment in her functioning .
Question 22 A(n) __________ is a discrete period of intense fear or terror that has a sudden onset and reaches a peak quickly .
A . anxiety attack
B . compulsion
C . panic attack
D . parathesia
Question 23 A(n) _______ is usually defined as an event outside of everyday experience that would be distressing to almost anyone .
A . panic attack
B . obsession
C . trauma
D . parathesia
Question 24 In order to diagnose OCD:
A . obsessions must be related to dirt and germs .
B . the obsessions and compulsions must be highly time consuming and interfere with life .
C . a child must have both obsessions and compulsions .
D . parents and children must agree that there is a problem .
Question 25 The most prevalent form of affective disorder among children and adolescents is
A . bipolar disorder .
B . cyclothymia .
C . dysthymia .
D . major depressive disorder .
Question 26 Depression with onset in ______ is most similar to adult forms of the disorder .
A . preschool
B . early school age
C . preadolescence
D . later adolescence
Question 27 The ____________ perspective attributes depression to low social competence, cognitive distortions, and low self-esteem .
A . psychoanalytic
B . cognitive behavioral
C . biological
D . family systems
Question 28 Susie’s mother abandoned her when she was 5 years old . Now at age 8, Susie thinks that she has little control over her environment . This is an example of:
A . anaclitic depression
B . learned helplessness
C . hopelessness
D . projection
Question 29 Regarding pharmacotherapy for childhood depression,
A . research supports the superiority of antidepressant medications in prepubertal children and adolescents .
B . antidepressant medications have well-established guidelines for administration with youngsters .
C . antidepressant medications are established as being safe for youngsters .
D . selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are the medications most likely to be recommended .
Question 30 Ana is 17 years old and experiencing a persistent elevated mood . She feels like her thoughts are racing . Ana reports that she needs less sleep than she did before . She has been buying an extensive new wardrobe and has been involved in sexual relations with several older men . She is doing poorly in school and is in conflict with her family and friends . Ana would most likely be diagnosed, according to DSM-V, as experiencing a
A . major depressive episode .
B . manic episode .
C . dysthymic episode .
D . masked depressive episode .
Question 31 The term delinquency is primarily employed to refer to
A . a juvenile who has committed an act that would be illegal for adults as well .
B . a juvenile who has committed an act that is illegal only for juveniles .
C . a juvenile who has committed an act that would be illegal for adults as well or an act that is illegal only for juveniles .
D . a psychological condition – it refers only to a juvenile who has committed an illegal act because of emotional problems .
Question 32 An 11-year-old youngster has, for about a period of one year, frequently exhibited the following behaviors: loses temper, refuses to follow requests or rules, deliberately annoys others, and easily annoyed . He would likely receive a DSM-IV diagnosis of
A . attention-deficit disorder .
B . oppositional-defiant disorder .
C . overt conduct disorder .
D . early-onset conduct disorder .
Question 33 Bobby, a 13-year-old boy is seen at a clinic . He displays the following behaviors: deliberate destruction of others’ property, lying to obtain favors, staying out at night without permission, and frequent truancy from school . These behaviors have all been present during the past year and are ongoing . His parents report that this pattern began when Bobby was 9 years old . Bobby would likely receive a DSM-V diagnosis of
A . oppositional-defiant disorder .
B . conduct disorder, childhood-onset .
C . conduct disorder, adolescent-onset .
D . oppositional-conduct disorder .
Question 34 Which of the following is an example of relational aggression?
A . Purposefully leaving a child out of some activity
B . Spitting on a another child
C . Threatening to beat up another child
D . Shoving a child into a locker
Question 35 The adolescent-onset pattern of conduct-disordered behavior
A . is a less common developmental path than the childhood-onset pattern .
B . is less likely to result in arrest than someone the same age with a childhood-onset pattern .
C . is characterized by less aggressive behavior than the childhood-onset pattern .
D . has a larger proportion of males than the childhood-onset pathway .
Question 36 Executive functions include
A . planning and organizing .
B . respiration .
C . heart rate .
D . hunger and thirst .
Question 37 Which subtype of ADHD is characterized by lethargic, daydreamy behavior?
A . Predominantly inattentive
B . Predominantly hyperactive
C . Predominantly impulsive
D . Combined type
Question 38 Which class of medications is most commonly used in treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder?
A . Antidepressants
B . Antipsychotics
C . Tranquilizers
D . Stimulants
Question 39 Jimmy has been diagnosed with expressive language disorder . We would thus expect Jimmy
A . to have problems in understanding what others say to him .
B . to speak in simplified, sometimes incorrect, sentences .
C . to have age-appropriate vocabulary .
D . to respond atypically to the speech of others, almost as if he were deaf .
Question 40 Which of the following is an example of a receptive language skill?
A . Babbling
B . Combining vowel sounds
C . Using pronouns
D . Following commands
Question 41 The most appropriate time for identifying writing disorder probably is
A . when the child begins to try to draw and color .
B . when the child enters school, that is, about five years of age .
C . about 8 years of age .
D . about 14 years of age .
Question 42 Assessment of learning disabilities
A . usually occurs in mental health clinics and hospitals .
B . usually occurs by preschool age .
C . requires a battery of tests to evaluate general intelligence and specific academic skills and achievements .
D . typically has placed the most emphasis on evaluating the child’s motivation and social environment .
Question 43 Danny displays mild intellectual disability . Thus, Danny
A . has an IQ in the 35-40 to 50-55 range .
B . will probably achieve no more than second grade academic skills .
C . will probably attend a residential school .
D . will probably achieve adult vocational and social skills for self support .
Question 44 Project Head Start is an example of a(n)
A . direct instruction program .
B . genetic mapping project .
C . early intervention program .
D . job placement program .
Question 45 Research on the developmental course of autism has revealed that
A . for most children the symptoms of autism are not evident until about age 6 .
B . regression occurs in less than 5% of cases .
C . symptoms rarely persist into adulthood and most individuals with autism live independently .
D . higher intellectual ability is associated with better outcomes .
Question 46 Asperger’s disorder is characterized by:
A . significant language delay .
B . deficits in intelligence .
C . problems in social interaction .
D . adaptive behavior deficits in all areas .
Question 47 An example of a positive symptom of schizophrenia is
A . lack of emotion .
B . lack of goal-directed behavior .
C . disorganized speech .
D . language that contains little information .
Question 48 Obstructive sleep apnea is
A . rare in children in adolescents .
B . treated with stimulant medication .
C . easily recognizable by parents and professionals .
D . characterized by loud snoring, pauses and difficulty breathing, restlessness and sweating during sleep .
Question 49 Which of the following interventions for the problems of bedtime refusal, difficulty falling asleep, and nighttime wakenings are supported by research?
A . Punishment
B . Bedtime routines .
C . Scheduled awakenings
D . Pharmacological treatments .
Question 50 Current knowledge regarding the etiology of obesity suggests that
A . psychological factors are primary .
B . biological factors are primary .
C . social factors are primary .
D . the causes are probably multiple and complex .