For Phyllis Young: Compare and Contrast Theories of Counseling


Compare and Contrast Theories of Counseling


There are many theories behind the different counseling modalities. Some counselors will adhere to one specific theory, focusing treatment types to the tenets of that theory. Other counselors will adopt a more eclectic counseling foundation, drawing key ideas from multiple theories and combining many treatment types to suit their clients.


For this assignment, create a chart that outlines the following counseling theories: behavior theory, psychoanalytic theory, cognitive-behavioral theory, and person centered theory. For each theory, cover the following aspects:

 Goals of therapy Types of treatment Theoretical explanation of where substance use or abuse stems from Characteristics of the client that would be the best fit for this theory


Download a copy of the chart template which you can use to create your chart.


Once your chart is complete, address the following questions:

 Describe the similarities and differences between the different therapeutic theories. According to you, which approach or combination of approaches best fits you as a future counselor?


Write a 4–5-page paper (including the chart) in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources




Four Counseling Theories




Goals of Therapy  

Types of Treatment  

Origins of Substance Abuse  

Client Characteristics for Best Fit

Behavior Theory





Psychoanalytic Theory





Cognitive-Behavioral Theory





Person Centered Theory






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